Luna`s Witchland

Halloween

Halloween - where did this name came from?
Probably the word "Halloween" came from "All Hallows Eve", the evening before "All Hallows Day". Out of this arose the short form Halloween.
Halloween have certainly Celtic roots (Samhain), and the Irish have originated this festivity. Halloween will be celebrated every year at the 31. October.

Samhain - festivity of the Celtic


Already the early Celtics knew about a festivity, they called Samhain. The night form the 31. October to the 1. November symboled the turn of the year in the celtic calendar, the change from the warm to the cold time of the year.
Halloween have it's roots in Ireland. In this nights the druids honored the dark lord of death Samhain and commemorated the gone souls.
A part of this festivity was to burn big fire, to scare away the witches and demons. The gave sacrifices to the gods to propitiate them.
Another part was the fortunetelling and to masquerade themself with furs and animal heads.

It's written in the Encyclopedia Americana:
"Elements of the customs connected with Halloween can be traced to a Druid [ancient Celtic priesthood] ceremony in pre-Christian times. The Celtics had festivals for two major gods - a sun god and a god of the dead... whose festival was held on November 1, the beginning of the Celtic New Year. The festival of the dead was gradually incorporated into Christian ritual" (http://twextra.com/3v5j68).

Christianization Samhains (Halloween)


Like many other, originally pagan festivities, as Valentine's Day and Eastern, successful practiced, Samhain was christianized.
The humans were easy to convince, to take over the new religion, the Christendom, but they held on to their usual old pagan ways, folkways and traditions. So the old rites got adapted by the Christendom and therefor legalized.
In the year 837, under the pope Gregor IV, they made for the 1. November All Hallows and for the following day All Souls' Day. So the people weren't forced to adjust themself and were able to carry on celebrating their old festivities, indeed under the cloak of the Christendom.
Also the still today indulged rite with sweets ("Trick or Treat") dates from a long gone past (9. century.)
That time christians wandered at the 2. November(festivity of the souls) from village to village, begging for so called Soul cakes. As a reward they promised to pray intensely for the giver.
German origin: http://frankfurt-interaktiv.de/specials/halloween/halloween.html //Translation by me (sorry for the mistakes *smile*)

This night not only marks the last harvest before the bone-chilling cold of the winter, this night contains a mythical energy and is filled with the touch of the deads, giving themself a tryst this evening. To guide them save through the material world, the Celtic placed candles in their windows. It's easy to delduce from this rite the beloved "Jack O´Lantern", the flagship for the commercial combat Halloween nowadays.
Initially Samhain is not determined on a certain day, the 31. October, this Jour fixe was, like all other festivities, sealed through the invention of the calendar. This night, when the veils between the worlds will be most thinly and the separation between the physical and spiritual reality will be lifted, you can calculate on the basis of the stars.
When the sun runs through fifteenth degree under the sign of the scorpion, it is the time. Not for nothing Samhain takes effect as the time of the dimensional openings and portals, opportune for evocations, read the runes, but also to divine the future. Mistakenly the christian church made Samhain to a vengeful and malign god of the death, just to demonize the pagan religions more and more.
To the contrary of this chronic-christian misapprehension, Samhain symbolizes the triumph of the life over the death. The Celtic bid welcome the new year with resolutions, related to the New Year's resolutions nowadays and made up negative chapters of the last year.
German origin: www.womenweb.de //Translation by me (sorry for the mistakes *smile*)